The pituitary gland is an endocrine gland. The pituitary gland is located in the lower part of the brain in the posterior fossa. The size of the pituitary gland is from 5 to 13 mm. The pituitary gland produces hormones into the blood: thyroid-stimulating, luteropic, gonadotropic, somatotropic, adrenotropic hormone, etc. Hormones produced by the pituitary gland regulate the function of the entire body. Promote growth, the formation of secondary sexual characteristics, normalization of blood pressure, increase or decrease in body weight. With a lack of pituitary hormones, such as somatotropic hormone: the growth of children stops, with an increase in hormones, excessively high growth is gigantism. The hormone with the help of hormones affects the development of the gonads. The pituitary gland also affects a person’s blood pressure. Raises and lowers it.
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