What is the impact of natural conditions on the distribution of the population? give examples

Historically, the population is not inclined to settle in regions with unfavorable natural conditions, where conditions for agriculture are poor, since it is more important than cattle breeding. An example can be Mongolia, where about 3 million live on a huge territory, this is ten times less than the southern provinces of China (historically agricultural), whose area is smaller.

Similarly, the population is not inclined to live in deserts, an example is Botswana, Namibia, Australia, Libya, Niger, Mauritania (it is worth comparing its neighboring Morocco with a population difference of about 10 times), as well as in northern cold latitudes, for example, most of Scandinavia. Canada and Russia, as well as the south of Argentina.

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