What were the reasons for the wealth and power of Athens in the 5th century BC?
July 28, 2021 | education|
The main reason for the wealth of Athens was that it became the largest trade center in the Mediterranean world. The results of the Greco-Persian wars, which not only enriched the victors, but also increased the military-political importance of Athens among other Greek city-states, also played a role. The large-scale construction work undertaken by Pericles, which ensured a high demand for labor, made a significant contribution to increasing welfare. And at the same time, these strengths turned into weaknesses: for example, the widespread use of slave labor not only “worked” to enrich Athens, but also pushed free citizens out of the labor market.
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