Who was at the head of the Catholic Church in Western Europe?

In 1054 Christianity split into two branches. Some believers leaned towards Eastern traditions, while others – towards Western ones. During this period, two religions began to form: Catholicism and Orthodoxy. In the West, the Catholic Church dominated, and the Pope of Rome stood at its head. He performed all the functions of a religious leader. He crowned, could anathematize, collected taxes and church tithes, led the Inquisition and crusades. His residence was located in Rome. He also claimed supreme power.

One of the components of a person's success in our time is receiving modern high-quality education, mastering the knowledge, skills and abilities necessary for life in society. A person today needs to study almost all his life, mastering everything new and new, acquiring the necessary professional qualities.

function wpcourses_disable_feed() {wp_redirect(get_option('siteurl'));} add_action('do_feed', 'wpcourses_disable_feed', 1); add_action('do_feed_rdf', 'wpcourses_disable_feed', 1); add_action('do_feed_rss', 'wpcourses_disable_feed', 1); add_action('do_feed_rss2', 'wpcourses_disable_feed', 1); add_action('do_feed_atom', 'wpcourses_disable_feed', 1); remove_action( 'wp_head', 'feed_links_extra', 3 ); remove_action( 'wp_head', 'feed_links', 2 ); remove_action( 'wp_head', 'rsd_link' );