Why were the countries of the Iberian Peninsula the first to start the Great Geographical Discoveries?

At the time, Spain and Portugal were maritime states. Naturally, they tried to use this advantage. So one of the goals was to dig up sea routes to India. Ultimately, the Portuguese and Spaniards were able to discover new continents, where their military expeditions were sent.

One of the components of a person's success in our time is receiving modern high-quality education, mastering the knowledge, skills and abilities necessary for life in society. A person today needs to study almost all his life, mastering everything new and new, acquiring the necessary professional qualities.