Write down the reaction equations 1) potassium-potassium hydroxide-potassium carbonate-potassium chloride-potassium sulfate 2) Sulfur-iron sulfide (2) -hydrogen sulfide-sodium sulfide-sodium sulfate
Let’s carry out the above chain of reactions:
In order to obtain divalent copper nitrate salt from copper, we need to add nitric acid to copper. Also in this reaction, water and bivalent nitrogen oxide are formed.
Cu + 4 HNO₃ = Cu (NO₃) ₂ + 2 H₂O + 2 NO₂
Next, we take the copper nitrate salt and add potassium hydroxide. We get bivalent copper hydroxide and potassium nitrate salt.
Cu (NO₃) ₂ + 2 KOH = Cu (OH) ₂ + 2 KNO₃
The reaction takes place between substances such as bivalent copper hydroxide and sulfuric acid. Copper sulfate salt and water are formed.
Cu (OH) ₂ + H₂SO₄ = CuSO₄ + 2 H₂O
To get bivalent copper hydroxosulfate. We need to add ammonium hydride to the copper sulfate salt.
2 CuSO₄ + 2 NH₄OH = (СuOH) ₂SO₄ + (NH₄) ₂SO₄
The last reaction is the production of copper sulfate by the reaction of copper hydrogen sulfate with sulfuric acid.
(СuOH) ₂SO₄ + H₂SO₄ = 2 CuSO₄ + 2 H₂O.
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