Let us write down the reaction equations for the genetic series of substances:
Н3С – СН2 – СН2 – СН2 – СН3 = Н2 + Н3С – СН2 – СН2 – СН = СН2 – dehydrogenation reaction, pentene obtained;
Н3С – СН2 – СН2 – СН = СН2 + Н2О = Н3С – СН2 – СН2 – СН – (ОН) – СН3 – hydration, pentanol was released;
С5Н11 – ОН + НCl = C5H11Cl + H2O – exchange, pentane chloride was formed;
С5Н11Cl + KOH = C5H11 – OH + KCl – exchange, pentanol is released;
С5Н11 – ОН = Н2О + С5Н10 – dehydration, pentene was obtained.
Substances obtained in the course of reactions find practical application, for example, chloropentane and pentanol are used as solvents.
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