Write the reaction equations by which you can get a) aluminum chloride b) magnesium sulfate. try to find as many fundamentally different ways as possible
Let us write down the synthesis equations:
a) 2Al + 3Cl2 = 2AlCl3 – the reaction of the compound;
2Al + 6HCl = 2AlCl3 + 3H2 – OBP;
2Al + 3ZnCl2 = 3Zn + 2AlCl3 – substitutions;
AlP + BCl3 = BP + AiCl3 – exchange;
Al2O3 + 6HCl = 2AlCl3 + 3H2O – exchange;
Al (OH) 3 + 3HCl = AlCl3 + 3H2O – exchange;
Al2O3 + 3CO + 3Cl2 = 2AlCl3 + 3CO2 – production of aluminum chloride in the industrial sector;
b) Mg + H2SO4 (solution) = MgSO4 + H2 – ОВР;
Mg + PbSO4 = MgSO4 + Pb – substitutions;
MgCO3 + H2SO4 = MgSO4 + CO2 + H2O – ion exchange;
MgO + H2SO4 = MgSO4 + H2O – ion exchange;
Mg (OH) 2 + H2SO4 = MgSO4 + 2H2O – ion exchange;
MgSO4 * 7H2O = MgSO4 + 7H2O – dehydration of crystalline hydrate, industrial production method.
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