Let’s compose the reaction equations for organic substances:
С6Н12О6 = 2С2Н5ОН + 2СО2 – the reaction of glucose fermentation is possible with the addition of yeast, ethyl alcohol is obtained;
Н3С – СН2 – ОН = Н2О + Н2С = СН2 – dehydration of ethanol, ethylene is released;
Н2С = СН2 + НCl = C2H5Cl – addition, chloroethane was formed;
С2Н5Cl + KOH = C2H5 – OH + KCl – exchange, ethanol was obtained.
The reactions show the connection of carbohydrates with alkenes and alcohols. The reaction products find practical applications, for example, ethanol, chloroethane is used as solvents, and ethylene is required in the production of polyethylene.
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